is a Phonograph?
Wikipedia defines the term
phonograph ("sound writer") as "derived from the Greek words
phono- meaning "sound" or "voice" and transliterated as phone) and
graphos (meaning "writing" and transliterated as graphe). Similar
related terms gramophone and graphophone have similar root meanings".
"The coinage, particularly
the use of the -graph root, may have been influenced by the then-existing
words phonographic and phonography, which referred to a system of
phonetic shorthand; in 1852 The New York Times carried an
advertisement for "Professor Webster's phonographic class", and
in 1859 the New York State Teachers' Association tabled a motion
to "employ a phonographic recorder" to record its meetings."
The Phonograph was
originally Edison's trade-name for his sound recording and playback
invention that would generically be called different things at different
times in different countries, e.g., Gramophone, Victrola, talking
machine, record player, hi-fi, high-fidelity system, stereo, etc.
for a detailed list of phonograph terminology by country.
This site uses the definition
of Phonograph from Timothy C. Fabrizio and George F. Paul's
book, A World of Antique Phonographs:
the name given by Edison to the sound recording/reproducing device
he invented in 1877. In American usage, the term has been applied
to sound reproducing equipment in general, regardless of age or
type of record played.
Additionally, the Merriam-Webster
Dictionary provides this definition:
instrument for reproducing sounds by means of the vibration of a
stylus or needle following a spiral groove on a resolving disc or