of the Phonograph
Friends of the Phonograph
a common goal:
Phonographia Red-Letter Days celebrated
by Friends of the Phonograph
Phonographia galleries that celebrate the Phonograph
of the Phonograph
variety of recollections, short stories and memories of the Phonograph
by Friends of the Phonograph.
and Betty Boilesen Legacy Collection
A small collection of phonographs displayed in honor of Axel and
read their stories
of growing up in Nebraska in the 1920's and 30's.
A gallery honoring Nipper, a unique star in
the history of talking machines
Favorite movies selected by Friends
of the Phonograph
LP Albums (3)
5 LP's selected by Friends of the Phonograph
5 songs selected by Friends of the Phonograph
highlight contemporary phonograph related connections
found in a host of pop culture sources: advertisements, magazines,
art, music, movies, etc.
1977, one-hundred years after the invention of the Phonograph,
Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were launched. On the outside of each
was attached a gold plated copper phonograph record - a "kind
of time-capsule" - protected by an aluminum cover. (4)
Voyager's phonograph records used a needle and "grooves"
and were not laser discs although images were viewable on the
discs. The record was analog technology and the audio was played
at 16 2/3 rpm. The overall intent was remarkable - communicate
"a story of our world to extraterrestrials." (4)
more information about this Voyager phonograph record sent to
the stars, read Carl Sagan's "Murmurs of Earth" or visit NASA's
Jet Propulsion Laboratory website "What
is the Golden Record?" (4)
This Day" - Other noteworthy Phonographia
- Eldridge Reeves Johnson (February 6, 1867 in Wilmington,
Delaware founded the Victor Talking Machine Company alongside Emile
Berliner, a United States corporation, and built it into the leading
American producer of phonographs and phonograph records and one of
the leading phonograph companies in the world at the time.
- Jesse Harrison Lippincott, born February 18, 1842 (Mt
Pleasant, PA), founder of the North American Phonograph Company (July
- Alexander Graham Bell, born March 3, 1847 Edinburgh, Scotland
- scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with
patenting the first practical telephone; Bell funded the Volta Laboratory
in 1880 which became an experimental facility devoted to scientific
discovery, and the very next year it improved Edison's phonograph
by substituting wax for tinfoil as the recording medium and incising
the recording rather than indenting it, key upgrades that Edison himself
later adopted. The laboratory was also the site where he and his associate
invented his "proudest achievement", "the photophone", the "optical
telephone" which presaged fibre optical telecommunications. - Wikipedia
- Leon Forrest Douglass (March 12, 1869 – September 7, 1940) was an
American inventor and co-founder of the Victor Talking Machine Company
who registered approximately fifty patents, mostly for film and sound
May 15 -
John Kruesi, was a Swiss born machinist (May 15, 1843 – February
22, 1899) and a close associate of Thomas Edison. As Edison's head
machinist at Menlo Park he took the rough drawing from Edison and
constructed the first Phonograph. Kruesi was also involved in many
other Edison inventions, including the quadruplex telegraph, the carbon
microphone, the incandescent light bulb and the system of electric
May 20 - Emile
Berliner (May 20, 1851 – August 3, 1929), originally Emil Berliner,
was a German-American inventor. He is best known for inventing the
phonograph record (called gramophone record in British English and
originally also in American English) and the phonograph (gramophone
in British English and originally also in American English). He founded
the Berliner Gramophone Company in 1895, The Gramophone Company in
London, England, in 1897, Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany,
in 1898 and Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal in
1899 (chartered in 1904). See Emile
Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry.
August 25 -
Charles Sumner Tainter, born Aug. 25, 1854, Watertown Mass., U.S
- American scientific instrument maker, engineer and inventor, best
known for his collaborations with Alexander Graham Bell, Chichester
Bell, Alexander's father-in-law Gardiner Hubbard, and for his significant
improvements to Thomas Edison's phonograph, resulting in the Graphophone,
one version of which was the first Dictaphone - Wikipedia
August 20 - Voyager
2 launched by NASA on August 20, 1977.
September 5 - Voyager
1 launched by NASA on September 5, 1977.
November 30 -
The birthdate of Chichester Bell, cousin to Alexander Graham Bell,
is unknown other than he was born in 1848. Chichester, Alexander Bell
and Charles Tainter's successful development of the Graphophone led
to the formation of the Volta Graphophone Company of Alexandria, Virginia
in February 1886 by those three principals, along with Chichester's
brother, lawyer and banker, Charles B. Bell.
Overall, Chichester is to be remembered
for his important contributions in developing improved versions of
November 30 has been selected
for Chichester Bell's "On This Day" in recognition of Bell
helping to establish the Edison Bell company on 30 November 1892 in
London to sell phonographs produced by the Edison United Phonograph
Letter RPM Birthdays
for Friends of the Phonograph
records have revolved at many speeds, most of which have come and
currently six "Red Letter RPM
birthdays are a "tip of the hat" to revolutions per minute (rpm) record
speeds(1), as part of a Friend of the Phonograph's
birthday celebration, aka a Phonographian's birthday: "16
2/3" , "33
1/3" . "45"
words, if you are a Phonographian and your birthday age is one of
these RPM speeds you should "tip your hat" to that RPM and
"Remember the phonograph" as part of your birthday celebration.
it isn't a Phonographia Day, it can still be celebrated!
of the Phonograph look for any excuse to celebrate connections
with the Phonograph.
a Phonographia Day an Unbirthday party is always an option.
Walt Disney record that can be used to celebrate un-Phonographia birthdays.
the wonder of what it does, Friends of the Phonograph also
celebrate the phonograph as an environmentally friendly machine.
a machine that one can wind up and play 100 years after it was made
represents the best of consumer products: a carbon free machine
requiring no electricity and never (hopefully) ending up in a landfill.
ENERGY - WIND A PHONOGRAPH
of the Phonograph also support other green measures.
Colorado chapter of Friends of the Phonograph have adopted
the walking path and pond of one of the city's open spaces known
as Mushroom Pond. Originally inspired by their dog loving Friends
of Nipper (since the adopted trail is a popular place to walk
dogs), Phonographians keep this trail clean for people and man's
IT CLEAN - FRIENDS OF NIPPER
Phonograph - It's GREEN
Pond - Westminster, Colorado
Phonographia Red-Letter Days
birthday of Thomas Edison (February 11, 1847), inventor of the
Phonograph, the first device to record and playback sound waves.
of the Phonograph celebrate the Phonograph as the invention that
began the personal and home entertainment revolution by capturing
and playing back sound.
celebration: Apple pie and a glass of milk or cup of tea.
Edison, April 18, 1877, Washington, D.C., The Brady Studio
Scott patented his Phonautograph on March 25, 1857. The phonautograph
is the earliest known device for recording sound.
celebration: French macaron cookie with a glass of French wine.
Phonautograph, 1859 with barrel made of plaster of paris
line of Au clair de la lune, "the earliest clearly
recognizable record of the human voice yet recovered, " was recorded
by Édouard-Léon Scott on his Phonautograph on April 9, 1860. See
for comprehensive story.
celebration: Glass of French wine while viewing the moon and holding
one lit candle.
from "Au Clair de la Lune", traditional French folk song, reprinted
in a French children's book Vieilles Chansons pour les Petits Enfants:
Avec Accompagnements by Widor, Charles Marie, 1844-1937 (book text),
Louis-Maurice Boutet de Monvel,1855-1913 (illustration)- source
birthday of Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville (April 25, 1817)
, a French printer and bookseller, invented the earliest known sound
recording device, the phonautograph.
celebration: Birthday cake with a glass of French wine.
of Charles Cros (October 1, 1842, Fabrezan, France) is celebrated
first person to conceive a method for reproducing recorded
sound with an invention he named the Paleophone.
celebration: A glass of French wine with salted herring while
viewing Mars and listening to "A Signal from Mars".
of Edison's Phonograph (December 6, 1877), the first device to
record and playback sound waves.
celebration: Sing "Happy Birthday to the Phonograph",
enjoy birthday cake, and listen to Edison's recreated recording of
his first words spoken into the Phonograph. "Mary had a Little
on the sketch of the first Phonograph
for birthday related information
Friends of the Phonograph
these galleries for more Phonographia.
Note: Toys that have
recordings in them are also Phonographia and can be seen
at the Talking Toy Hall
of Fame gallery.
- The celebration of the phonograph's rpms
disc recordings were produced in a variety of speeds ranging from
60 to 130 rpm, and Edison cylinders were 160 rpm, FOTP Red Letter
RPM Birthdays are currently the following:
16 2/3 rpm (first used
in early 1930's and subsequently used for 1) spoken word recordings,
2) car music systems like Chrysler's Hi-Way Hi-Fi 2 of the 1950's
3) background music systems for restaurants and businesses 4)
limited music formats - see Canada Antique Phonograph Society
(CAPS) May 2010 article by Mike Dicecco for history of 16 2/3
33 1/3 rpm (first used
by Vitaphone in 1930 for electrical transcription recordings and
introduced in 1948 by Columbia Records as the Long-Playing Record
45 rpm (introduced by
RCA in 1949);
78 rpm (the standard for
early disc records from 1890s into the 1950's);
80 rpm (for Edison Diamond
90 rpm (for Pathé disc
records with vertically cut grooves requiring a special sapphire
- Favorite Movies
Favorite movies is
a round-about way to celebrate the connection between the phonograph
and talking movies which began with W. K. L. Dickson's Kinetophonograph's
syncronized film and recorded sound using an Edison cylinder Phonograph.
Watch this ca. 1895 experiment by clicking the photo.
A record album
A record album is a collection
of music or sounds. Early records had only one song per record
but they were often put in "albums" that had multiple pages. These
early record albums resembled photograph albums but contained
captured sounds instead of captured sights.
Go to the Favorite
LP Albums to see Top-five album selections made by Friends
of the Phonograph (just like top-five lists created by John
Cusack in the movie High-Fidelity).
list maker John Cusack in Hi-Fidelity, courtesy Touchstone
(4) - Jet Propulsion
Laboratory, California Institute of Technology - http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/spacecraft/goldenrec.html
- Henry Hall's recording of the Teddy Bear's Picnic was
of especially good quality with a large tonal range. It was used
for more than 30 years by BBC audio engineers (up until the early
1960s) to test and calibrate the frequency response of audio equipment.
(Courtesy of Wikipedia)
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Friends of the Phonograph Copyright © 2001-2018 by Doug
Boilesen and Phonographia
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