Believe it or Not!

Miscellaneous Phonographia Factolas

 

Advertising by its very nature can push believeability to its boundaries. Early phonograph advertisements, such as describing phonograph records as producing sound "only life itself can compare with" or picturing artists performing in your own home, exemplify the phonograph industry's creativity in promoting the world of recorded sound.

The following Factolas are also to be believed (or not) and are here because they don't smoothly fit into other phonographia galleries or thematic connections, or are simply too random. If left undocumented and unconnected these Factolas might have a tenuous future in the world of phonograph ephemera...so here there are, on this page.

Another reason a Factola may be here is to set the record straight (since even Factolas can change -- from Believe it... to Not).

Or as the saying goes, "Let the PUN-ishment fit the crime."

Postmarked May 9, 1907 (PM-0456)

 

 

FACTOLA, August 15, 1908 - "Probably the highest graphophone store in the world" is in Silver Plume, Colorado "over 9,000 feet above the sea level..."

This 'store in the clouds' factola comes from a talking machine industry trade magazine that was specifically referencing a Columbia Graphophone store (and even qualified it with "probably.") Other phonographs might have been playing at higher altitudes but in 1908 this probably was the highest graphophone store in the world.

 

The Talking Machine World, August 15, 1908

 

 

FACTOLA, July, 1879 - The first phonograph used in a United States post office as customer communication support was in Leadville, Colorado.

Bergmann Exhibition Tinfoil Phonograph sold in per contract with the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company. (Courtesy René Rondeau)

 

It is known that one of Edison's 1878 tin-foil phonographs (a Bergmann Exhibition model phonograph) was purchased in September 1878 by a Mr. S. D. Silver who lived in Leadville, Colorado (elevation 10,151 feet). (1) Silver exhibited the phonograph around the country and later raffled it, reportedly won by the Leadville post office letter register clerk W. D. Stone in July 1879. The clerk was said to have recorded a "choice selection of oaths" and then placed the phonograph in the Leadville post office window where it could "swear at unidentified people who call for letters and get mad because he will not hand them out without the proper vouchification."

 

The Daily Chronicle, Leadville, Colorado, Thursday Evening, July 31, 1879

 

 

 

FACTOLA, November 1 or November 8, 1888 - The first attempt to record a public speech by means of the phonograph was made Thursday evening at a democratic rally in the Park rink in Orange, New Jersey. Eighteen cylinders were used with 'slight breaks" between changing of the cylinders. The cylinders were said to each last about seven minutes. The portions of the speeches taken were nearly two hours long. The phonograph was operated by Theodore Wangemann and an assistant, both connected with the Edison Laboratory.

From New York dispatch and printed in the Dannebrog Sentinel on Saturday, November 10, 1888, p. 2.

 

 

 

 

FACTOLA, April 20, 1891 - First attempt to introduce a new way to speculate in stocks using the Phonograph to place orders.

Reported by San Francisco's The Examiner, The Public Stock Exchange was incorporated in December 1890 with by-laws that stated "stocks may be bought and sold by oral expression or by the reannouncement of orders on a phonograph in the exchange room. When a phonograph is used to make the bids and offers it shall be done aloud so that all may hear it and a record made at once of each offer to buy and sell on a blackboard in the Exchange room. The phonograph thus used is designated the "Main Phonograph."

The Attorney-General filed a complaint to have the Public Stock Exchange charter forfeited since the Main Phonograph can be manipulated. See On the Phonograph, The Examiner, April 20, 1891 for the original newspaper article.

See BOGUS STOCK GAMBLING." Chief Crowley Says He Will Raid the Phonograph Game for details about creating the prices for stock quotations on the phonograph, playing them back and then recording those quotes on the board. The Examiner, November 7, 1891

See The Phonograph Leak for an example of how the phonograph speculation game, aka clock game, operated and went wrong for the San Francisco Public Stock Exchange. The Examiner, January 19, 1892

 

 

 

FACTOLA, April 13, 1893 - The horse "Phonograph" came in first at the Elizabeth race track paying five to one (reported by The Phonogram, March-April 1893.

 

 

FACTOLA, March 1898 - Russell Hunting, whose legacy included his "Casey" series of records, started his own company, RUSSELL HUNTING. As General Sales and Purchasing Agent his Cable Address was "PHONOCASEY NEW YORK."

 

The Phonoscope, March 1898

 

FACTOLA, October 1899 - Cable Address for The Polyphone Co., and Leon F. Douglass, Vice-President Chicago, U.S.A. was "POLYPHONE, CHICAGO."

The Phonoscope, October 1899

 

FACTOLA, December 1899 - Cable Address for the American Micrograph Co. was "MICRO" N.Y.

The Phonoscope, December 1899

 

 

FACTOLA, April 1909 - The royal Swedish academy presented Thomas A. Edison with the Adelskiold gold medal for his inventions in connection with phonograph and the incandescent light.

 

The Juniata Herald, April 14, 1909

 

FACTOLA, 1917 - Phonograph apparatus in World War I used to record heart beats of a French soldier for analysis of physical stamina.

An recording appartus during World War I made a record of the heart beats of a soldier in the French army. The Pathe Phonograph Co. and the French government hoped recordings would provide detailed information of the physical stamina of the soldiers in the French army. "The minutest irregularity in the heart beats is instantly detected."

 

The Talking Machine World, Feburary 15, 1917

 

FACTOLA, March 1918 - The play "Why Marry?" is believed to be the first time the complete play has been recorded on talking machine records by all actors in the play.

 

The Talking Machine World, March 15, 1918

 

FACTOLA, October 1918 - The only authentic sounds of the First World War are said to be the recording of the gas shell bombardment by the Royal Garrison Artillery, 9th October 1918, preparatory to the British Troops entering Lille, France.

"His Master's Voice" 12" 78 RPM record by the Gramophone Co., Ltd, 1918

This record from ValueYourMusic website was submitted by Allen Koenigsberg who also cautioned that "there may be some controversy over the circumstances of this recording."

ValueYourMusic notes "This record was made by HMV’s top Recording Engineer, Will Gaisberg, outside Lille in France on 9th October 1918 and rushed back to England for issue, but by the time it saw release the Armistice had been signed and, consequently, sales were very poor."

According to The Church of the Epiphany, "by the time the recording was completed, the war was over. Gaisberg had been slightly gassed during the expedition, and fell victim to the flu pandemic and tragically died a month later in November 1918."

 

FACTOLA, April 1920 - The first record lifter on the market - The Vacuum Record Lifter "raises the record without touching the tone arm..."

The Talking Machine World, April 15, 1920

 

FACTOLA, 1956 - Phonograph records were put on cereal boxes as a premium to cut-out and play. According to mrbreakfast.com and Discogs the first records were on General Mills' Wheaties cereal boxes in 1956, 78 RPM cut-outs for Walt Disney's Mouseketeer Records of Chip 'N Dale performing "Ten Little Indians" and "The Laughing Song."

 

1956 The Laughing Song 78 RPM Cut-out record from box of Wheaties

 

FACTOLA, 1964 - A circa 1910 gramophone horn was being used for the cover of a storm cellar's air vent in Cotesfield, NE.

 

 

FACTOLA, 1971 - "Would you believe..." the Columbia Record & Tape Club offered LPs and 8-track cartridges and tape cassettes and 7" reel-to-reel tapes as new record club options in the 1970's?

The phonograph industry has shared its position of providing recorded music to consumers as new technologies, formats and listening options have evolved. In the 1990's CDs would be another recorded music option and in 2001 Rhapsody would introduce "the first streaming on-demand music subscription service to offer unlimited access to a large library of digital music for a flat monthly fee." (see Wikipedia).

The evolution of the phonograph's revolution has continued into the 21st century but through it all the phonograph and its records continue to revolve. The Phonograph Lives!

Columbia Record & Tape Club, 1979

 

See ClickAmericana for more examples of Record Club's history and promotions

1971 Order Form for Columbia Record Club

 

 

FACTOLA, March 2016 - Walt Whitman did not record his poem "America" or make any phonograph record.

"Famous" voices such as Mark Twain, Robert Browning, P. T. Barnum, Florence Nightingale, Wm. Gladstone, and Alfred Lord Tennyson recorded on wax cylinders in the very early days of the phonograph.

For many years a recording of Walt Whitman's poem "America" was said to have been read by Whitman himself. Current research (up to February 2023) concludes that the Walt Whitman recording was not made by Whitman. According to Allen Koenigsberg it is unknown who made the recording. "The mystery will probably never be solved to everyone's satisfaction, but I think it is safe to say (for now), that the famous American poet who "sang the body electric" only did so on the printed page." (Allen Koenigsberg, "The Gramophone Cylinder of Walt Whitman - Hoax or History," The Antique Phonograph, March 2016, p. 27).

 

 

 

More Cable Addresses

Cable addresses are interesting when you remember that telephone numbers weren't widely seen in early business advertisements and international communication was still limited to telegraph communication and the respective "cable address" messages. Additionally, cable addresses reflect the United States phonograph industry's desire to be internationally connected at the end of the nineteenth century.

The first official transatlantic phone call didn't take place until January 7, 1927 and even then it was not by wire but was transmitted by radio waves.

 

FACTOLA, April 1898 - The cable address for the Edison Phonograph Agency in New York, N.Y. "FUSE, New York."

The Phonoscope, April 1898

 

FACTOLA, May 1898 - The cable address for Maguire & Baucus, Limited, selling agents for T. A. Edison for all the genuine Edison and Lumiere military and Naval films carried in stock, Edison Phonograph Agency in New York, N.Y. was "Cousinhood," New York and London.

The Phonoscope, May 1898

 

FACTOLA, October 1898 - The cable address for William Roche, manufacturer of batteries for phonograph motors was "ROBAT."

The Phonoscope, October 1898

 

FACTOLA, January 1899 - The cable address for C. E. Stevens, Selling Agent for Phonographs and "all apparatus manufactured at the Edison Laboratory and genuine Edison goods, was "ESTABAN."

The Phonoscope, January 1899

 

FACTOLA, February 1899 - The cable address for the Phonograph Sapphire Co., makers of "Jones" Jewels for all Talking-Machines was "JOSSAPH NEW YORK."

The Phonoscope, February 1899

 

FACTOLA, March 1899 - The cable address for Reed, Dawson & Co., makers of first-class original RECORDS, was "REDAW."

The Phonoscope, March 1899

 

FACTOLA, November 1899 - Cable Address for American Talking Machine Co., was "TWINEAST NEW YORK."

The Phonoscope, November 1899

 

 

The First Kinetoscope Parlor

FACTOLA, April 14, 1894 - The first commercial exhibition of Edison's Kinetoscope motion pictures opened in the first Kinetoscope parlor, a building and storefront at 1155 Broadway, New York City.

The bust of Edison located on opening day in the front section of the Kinetoscope parlor was soon removed. According to Alfred O. Tate, Edison's Private Secretary, a few weeks after the opening "I received a message from Edison asking me to remove it. He thought it undignified."

It is unknown what Edison meant by "undignified" but ironically the first occupant of the 1876 building's storefront had been John Rogers, the famous artist known for his popular "Rogers Group" pieces and commonly called the "people's sculptor." Rogers had his first floor studio at 1155 Broadway building from 1876 through 1879.

"The Photograph" - a two-piece sculpture set in the Rogers Group, 1878.

 

Interior of first Kinetoscope parlor, 1155 Broadway, New York,1894 (as seen in History of the Kinetograph Kinetoscope and Phono-Kinetograph) by W. K. L. Dickson and Antonia Dickson, p. 53 ©1895.

In the article "The Birthplace of Movies" by Christopher Gray (New York Times, February 9, 1992) Gray wrote that the Kinetoscope parlor "at the southwest corner of 27th Street was a neo-Grec style building built in 1876 where Rogers would live until at least 1879.

Gray also noted that "the Kinetoscope was superseded only two years later by projected motion pictures, first exhibited in 1896 at Koster & Bial's Theater on West 34th Street...A turn-of-the-century street view shows the 27th Street building with extensive signage for the Edison phonograph -- presumably the Kinetoscope operation was open for only a year or two."

 

 

FACTOLA, March 30, 1878 - In the March 30, 1878 issue of Harper's Weekly a connection circumstantially existed between John Rogers' the sculptor of "The Travelling Magician" and Thomas A. Edison, Wizard and inventor of the Phonograph. It was a connection which wouldn't have been made at the time.

What was the connection?

The March 30, 1878 issue of Harper's Weekly included an article and full-page illustration on "a new wonder called the phonograph." It was described of one of "two marvels of a marvellous age" and if there were still those who believed in witch-craft then those witch-hunters "would now find a "rich harvest of victims..."

Harper's Weekly, March 30, 1878 p. 249 (PM-1824)

To see the entire article visit Phonographia's On This Day March 30, 1878

 

 

Harper's Weekly, March 30, 1878 p. 256

 

That same March 30, 1878 issue also had an advertisement for a John Roger's statuary piece "The Travelling Magician." Like the Rogers' statuary piece, Edison could have likewise been called the "Travelling Magician" in 1878 since the phonograph made Edison something of a magician in the public's eye. On April 10, 1878 Edison would in fact be called the "Wizard of Menlo Park" by William Croffut in the New York Daily Graphic.

Additionally, Edison and his tin-foil phonograph were now "travelling to give demonstrations." The first public demonstration was a visit to New York City on December 7, 1877 to the office of Scientific American, followed by other trips such as to Harper's Weekly in March, the National Academy of Sciences and the White House and President Rutherford B. Hayes and his wife in April, and others waiting their turn. (Carlat, Louis, et al., The Papers of Thomas A. Edison: The Wizard of Menlo Park, 1878. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998).

 

"The Travelling Magician" advertisement, March 30, 1878 Harper's Weekly showing 1155 Broadway as the address for the John Rogers studio.

 

The connection of Roger's "Travelling Magician" statuary advertisement and the announcement of Edison's Phonograph in the March 30, 1878 Harper's Weekly would probably have been considered a random and tenuous connection except for another connection on April 14, 1894 that inspired the documentation of these Edison-Rogers connections and Factolas.

The FACTOLA of April 14, 1894 - The first Kinetoscope parlor in the world opened using the Edison Kinetoscopes playing Edison's motion pictures in the storefront located at 1155 Broadway, New York City -- the same address and the same building where John Rogers had his studio from 1876 through 1879.

See FACTOLA, April 14, 1894 for details about the first Edison Kinetoscope and its motion pictures which opened in the first Kinetoscope parlor on April 14, 1894.

 

The World:Tuesday Evening, New York, New York, May 29, 1894

 

 

 

 

 

 

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