Phonographia Endnotes

 

 

Endnotes

Phonographia - What are Phonographia?

(1) - Phonograph connections displayed in Phonographia are based on history and popular culture. The types and sources of some of these connections are the following:

Phonograph related images - sourced from advertisements and photographs, museums, and multiple sources of paper media, e.g., newspapers, periodicals, books, cartoons, postcards, comics, greeting cards, Valentine cards, sheet music, posters, art, etc.

Phonograph related phrases - heard in sayings such as "sounds like a broken record", "in the groove", and "record album".

Phonograph related lyrics in recorded music- excerpts from sound recordings that include references to the phonograph and recorded music

Phonograph related experiences - personal stories related to growing up with recorded sound, listening to vinyl records played by phonographs, etc.

Phonograph related facts called Factolas - facts related to the phonograph and recorded sound which have been documented from multiple sources including the intranet

Phonograph related celebrations - days identified for their significance related to the phonograph (some events are further identified as 'red-letter days), celebrations such as the birthday for Edison's Phonograph or birthdays of significant pioneers of the phonograph's development.

 

(2) "With morning-glory horn in hand, I take this opportunity to remind all: Do not forget the Phonograph. On December 6th, wish the Phonograph a Happy Birthday. The magic is alive." Doug Boilesen, Black Rock Portraits on the Playa by Douglas Keister ©1990

(3) "The Talking Phonograph," Scientific American, December 22, 1877

 

 

 

 

 

The Phonograph Lives!

(3) Listen HERE for a listing of sounds of Earth on Voyager's Golden Record

 

(4) Photograph from NASA/JPL extracted on 8/29/2019 from UWNews, Greetings from Earth: Documents that Changed the World podcast revisits Voyager’s ‘Golden Record,’ 1977

 

(5) Photograph from NASA/JPL "Making the Golden Record" extracted on 8/29/2019

 

(6) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

The Voyager's phonograph records used a needle and "grooves" and were not laser discs although images were viewable on the discs. The record used analog technology and the audio was played at 16 2/3 rpm. The overall intent was remarkable - communicate "a story of our world to extraterrestrials."

For more information about this Voyager phonograph record sent to the stars, read Carl Sagan's "Murmurs of Earth" or visit NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory website "What is the Golden Record?"

 

 

 

 

Friends of the Phonograph Go GREEN

(1) There are on-going debates about the "warmth" of vinyl records and the sound superiority of one format over another, e.g., 180 Gram Vinyl LPs vs. CDs vs. 320k mp3 file. Pitch.com ("Does Vinyl Really Sound Better? July 29, 2013 by Mark Richardson) makes other important considerations about listening to vinyl:

But the other part of it is that the experience of listening to an LP involves a lot more than remastering and sound sources. There's the act of putting a record on, there is the comforting surface noise, there is the fact that LPs are beautiful objects and CDs have always looked like plastic office supplies. So enjoying what an LP has to offer is in no way contingent on convincing yourself that they necessarily sound better than CDs.




 

Friends of the Phonograph

(1) - Favorite Movies Selected by Friends of the Phonograph is a round-about way to celebrate the connection between the phonograph and talking movies which began when W. K. L. Dickson's Kinetophonograph's syncronized film and recorded sound using an Edison cylinder Phonograph. Watch this circa 1895 experiment courtesy of the Library of Congress and The Rodgers and Hammerstein Archive of Recorded Sound.

 

 

 

Friends of the Phonograph - Memories and Stories

(1) The Miraculous Phonograph Record by William Saroyan - Saturday Evening Post, September 1983. - This short story appeared in the Saturday Evening Post, September 1983 and is based on the fondness William Saroyan still had for his wind-up Victor talking machine and record that he had in 1921 when he was 13.

 

 

 

 

Memories of the Phonograph - Quotes

(2) And suddenly the memory returns. The taste was that of the little crumb of madeleine which on Sunday mornings at Combray . . . when I went to say good day to her in her bedroom, my aunt Léonie used to give me, dipping it first in her own cup of real or of lime-flower tea . . .But when from a long-distant past nothing subsists, after the people are dead, after the things are broken and scattered, still, alone, more fragile, but with more vitality, more unsubstantial, more persistent, more faithful, the smell and taste of things remain poised a long time, like souls, ready to remind us, waiting and hoping for their moment, amid the ruins of all the rest; and bear unfaltering, in the tiny and almost impalpable drop; of their essence, the vast structure of recollection. - Marcel Proust À la recherche du temps perdu as quoted in "To Have and to Hold - An Intimate History of Collectors and Collecting" by Philipp Blom. From Marcel Proust, Du côté de chez Swann, Paris, 1954 pp. 46-7. The translation is quoted in Swann's Way, trans. C.K. Scott Moncrieff, London, 1960 p.41.

 

(3) A Memory is only a Prince Charming...

De Certeau, Michel. 1984. The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley: University of California Press. [Google Scholar], p.184

 

 

 

 

 

About this Site

(1) "prismatic recollection of history" - How an Archive of the Internet Could Change History On Technology By JENNA WORTHAM JUNE 21, 2016 The New York Times Magazine

Last year, two scientists presented a theory in quantum mechanics that they called “entangled histories.” They argue that the existence of a particle in space is fractured along many alternate timelines, all of which must be considered to understand the full chronology of its life cycle. It is baffling and exhilarating in the way only quantum physics can be, but one idea stood out as particularly resonant. Jordan Cotler, an author of the paper and a graduate student at Stanford University, has said, “Our best description of the past is not a fixed chronology but multiple chronologies that are intertwined with each other.” We’ve long known that this is how human history works — an unimaginable number of small stories, compressed into one big one. But maybe now we finally have the ability to record and capture them all, and history can become something else entirely: not a handful of voices, but a cacophony.
Using the internet and archives of social media will be a way to "generate a more prismatic recollection of history."

 


 

 







Collecting and Phonographia

(2) p. 137. "To Have and to Hold - An Intimate History of Collectors and Collecting" by Philipp Blom, The Overland Press 2003

Note: See Chapter "Three Flying Ducks" for a history of kitch and the premise that "collected objects have a value for the individual collector that only other collectors can understand."P. 166, "To Have and to Hold - An Intimate History of Collectors and Collecting" by Philipp Blom, The Overland Press 2003

 

Researchers know that of the two primary forms of accessing memory, recognition and recall, the former is a simpler and more reliable process. It is the association of a physical object with something previously encountered or experienced. This could be because tangible memories utilize all five senses, evoking emotional triggers and transporting us back to a precise time, place or moment.

Excerpt from The New York Times article "Does Anyone Collect Old Emails?" by Peter Funt, April 5, 2019

 

 

(3) Excerpt from The New Yorker "Was this man a genius?" by Julie Hecht, November 22, 1999

One night in 1975, I was tying up the garbage when my husband called me to come and see something he was watching on TV. “You have to see this!” he called. I couldn’t believe there was anything on television that I had to see, but he sounded as if he had found something exciting and wonderful.
There was a tall, dark, and almost handsome man, dressed in a black turtleneck sweater, with a button-down shirt and a checked sports jacket over it. He was standing on a stage, with a small record-player next to him, and when he put the needle on, it played the Mighty Mouse theme song. The man appeared to have no idea what he was doing until the singing began. Then he knew just what he was doing, and suddenly he turned into a baritone star from a nineteen-fifties musical as he started to lip-synch the words. It wasn’t funny the way other things are funny. It just made you laugh.
The mysterious man was Andy Kaufman, on “Saturday Night Live.”

Note: This appearance by Andy Kaufman was on the premiere episode of Saturday Night Life, originally titled NBC Saturday Night, October 11, 1975

 






(3A) Excerpt from The New York Times article "Does Anyone Collect Old Emails?" by Peter Funt, April 5, 2019

Researchers know that of the two primary forms of accessing memory, recognition and recall, the former is a simpler and more reliable process. It is the association of a physical object with something previously encountered or experienced. This could be because tangible memories utilize all five senses, evoking emotional triggers and transporting us back to a precise time, place or moment.

 

 

 

(4) A.C. Grayling, Financial Times, comments on back cover titled Praise for "To Have and to Hold"

 

 




(5) As an object, single or multiplied, it serves the basic function that collecting — call it hoarding, call it installation art — does. It lets us keep the illusion that we can forever embrace, and be embraced by, what is forever fading away. Excerpt from the New York TImes Art Review "The Keeper’ Reveals the Passion for Collecting"

 

 

 

 

(6) The work done by scholars and institutions continues to rapidly expand onto the internet. As an example, go to the Discography of American Historical Recordings (DAHR) or the Library of Congress National Jukebox Project and you will understand how many historical sound recordings are now available along with associated reference material.

 

 

(7) "Interesting" - The word interesting originally meant "of concern"; it was a synonym of important. It comes from the verb interest, which in its original use meant "to induce or persuade to participate or engage." If you were interested in something, you were not willing to be a bystander; you felt the need to participate or engage. Merriam-Webster

Arousing curiosity or interest; holding or catching the attention. synonyms: absorbing, engrossing, fascinating, riveting, gripping, compelling, compulsive, spellbinding, captivating, engaging, enthralling, entrancing, beguiling

A few years ago one of the Cambridge colleges had a very conservative Master. He regarded the newfangled Cambridge Ph.D. degree as a vulgar concession to transatlantic academic pilgrims, and the publishing of papers as one of the more degrading forms of self-advertisement. "In my time," he used to say, "it was of the essence of a gentleman that his name should never appear in print." It so happened that the College had just elected into a Fellowship a young man who not only had a few papers to his name but also the temerity to propose, at the first Fellow' meeting in which he took part, a number of measures concerning College policy. The Master listened frowningly, and when the novice had finished, he said: "Interesting, interesting" -- and "interesting" meant that he was both alarmed and bored, two states of mind that he was expert at blending--"interesting; but it would seem to me that your suggestions are a little contradictory to the tradition of the College." "Not at all, Master," replied the aspiring reformer, "I have studied the history of the College and I can assure you that my proposals are perfectly in keeping with the ways of the College over the last three hundred years." "This may well be," said the Master, "but wouldn't you agree that the last three hundred years have been, to say the least of them, rather exceptional?" -- The Artist's Journey into the Interior and other essays by Erich Heller, Vintage books, 1968, p.3

 

 

(8) "Just as we should cultivate more gentle and peaceful relations with our fellow human beings, we should also extend that same kind of attitude towards the natural environment. Morally speaking, we should be concerned for our whole environment."
"This, however, is not just a question of morality or ethics, but also a question of our own survival. For this generation and for future generations, the environment is very important. If we exploit the environment in extreme ways, we may receive some benefit today, but in the long run, we will suffer, as will our future generations. When the environment changes, the climatic condition also changes. When the climate changes dramatically, the economy and many other things change. Our physical health will be greatly affected. Again, conservation is not merely a question of morality, but a question of our own survival."

-- His Holiness the Dalai Lama, from 'The Dalai Lama, A Policy of Kindness', published by Snow Lion Publications.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day Calendar

 

(1) What day it is? Motorola TV ad and a quote from the 1937 movie A Damel in Distress, starring Gracie Allen and George Burns and Gracie's response that she doesn't know the what day it is if she only has yesterday's paper.

 

 

 

 

On This Day April 25, 1854 Birthday of Charles Sumner Tainter

 

(1) The circa 1886 photograph of Tainter taken from a scan of a newspaper page (San Diego Union, September 30, 1917 in an article titled "Charles Sumner Tainter, 'Father of the Talking Machine,' who is now a San Diegan, and some of the medals awarded him for scientific achievement."

 

(2) Bell-Tainter Type K Electric Graphophone is from the Rene Rondeau collection who wrote the following about the Graphophone:

When Edison invented the phonograph in 1877, telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell was stunned that this opportunity had slipped through his fingers. In the 1880's, while Edison was pre-occupied with his electric light research, Bell founded a research laboratory where his cousin Chichester Bell and physicist Charles Sumner Tainter worked on improving the phonograph. They dubbed their version the "Graphophone" and designed it to play 6" long records consisting of a cardboard tube with a thin ozocerite wax coating (as seen in photograph). There was no mandrel -- the record fit between plungers at each end. Edison was outraged at this appropriation of his invention, and set about making his own 'perfected' phonograph, the Class M, in 1888.

The Graphophone of that era had a foot-powered sewing machine treadle as its motor, and in competition with the Edison Class M it was a dismal failure. By 1894 the company had a large backlog of unsold Graphophones. These were recycled by taking the upper works from treadle model Bell-Tainters and fitting them to new cabinets and motors. The Type K was made in early 1895, first with a battery-powered electric motor as in this example, and later with a newly-designed spring motor. A removable mandrel to fit the now-standard Edison cylinders was supplied with the Type K. (The entire mandrel has to be removed to put on a record, a very inconvenient arrangement.)

At $150 these were not big sellers, and it wasn't until the totally new Type N of late 1895 (priced at an amazingly low $40) that the Graphophone finally took off in the market. Very few Bell-Tainter styles were sold and today they are even rarer than the elusive Edison Class M.

 

(3) Charles Sumner Tainter photograph taken in San Diego, California, 1919. (Smithsonian photo 42729-A)

 

 

 

On This Day February 6, 1867

(1) Eldridge Reeves Johnson photo (age 5) and photograph age 35 courtesy of The Marvelous Talking Machine - Extraordinary Times

 

(2) Photograph of Eldridge R. Johnson's Machine Shop, 108 N. Front Street, Camden, NJ, ca. 1890s Courtesy Camden County Historical Archives and Historic Camden County

 

(3) Photograph of Johnson 1902 courtesy of Sound of the Hound and the article Victor Ludorum: The Forgotten man of History: Eldridge R. Johnson by Carey Fleiner, July 19, 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day May 20, 1851

(1) Berliner, Emile. Emile Berliner. Young Israel, S.l, 1871. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ber10833/>

 

(2) Biography of Berliner, courtesy Wikipedia

 

(3) Photograph of Berliner's original Gramophone courtesy of Sound of the Hound and the article Victor Ludorum: The Forgotten man of History: Eldridge R. Johnson by Carey Fleiner, July 19, 2011.

The Sound of the Hound is an excellent "dog blog dedicated to the history of recorded music. We are specifically interested in the fine work of the EMI Group Archive Trust but we want to look wider at how the sound got on the rounds and all the widgets that made the digits."

 

 

(4) Berliner Gramophone, the first hand driven toy Gramophone made by Kammer & Reinhardt in Germany 1890, playing a 5 inch record courtesy of Phonogalerie, The Phono Museum Paris.

ThePhonogalerie is an exhibition and saleroom devoted to the history of the reproduction of sound. Talking machines, records, cylinders, posters and documents : everything to reawaken the sounds of the past.

 

(5 Bain News Service, Publisher. Emile Berliner. [No Date Recorded on Caption Card] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2014717588/>

 

(6) An E. Berliner, Montreal black disc with gold scroll lettering, circa 1901. Source: Library and Archives Canada/Music Collection

 

 

 

 

On This Day October 21, 1915

 

(2) October 21, 1915 - Ackley, Laura, author of SAN FRANCISCO’S JEWEL CITY: THE PANAMA-PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION OF 1915, extracted from PPIE On this Day entry for October 21, http://ppie100.org/on-this-day-october-21/Accessed August 9, 2019.

 

(3) It was a most happy thought of Chief Engineer Hutchinson, of the Edison Laboratories, that came to him "to utilize the transcontinental telephone, so recently perfected, to carry the music of the Edison Diamond Disc Phonograph from ocean to ocean, while Mr. Edison was three thousand miles and more away, at the Pacific end of the wire" and to do this on "Edison Day," October 21st.

On the 21st with Edison on one end of the telephone and the other end connected with the Orange, New Jersey laboratory group that began playing Case's record "word was sent back by telegraph during its playing: "Mr. Edison is hearing it perfectly." "Then Mr. Edison put the same selection on his Diamond Disc at San Francisco, in order that guests at the Laboratory might hear as he had heard. The tones were sweet and clear and perfectly audible, without any strain to hear them; the high notes and trills being exactly as clear as if heard over a short distance 'phone, although not quite so loud." - The Edison Phonograph Monthly, November, 1915 pp. 9-10

 

(4)" The first Tone Test on the Pacific coast was given at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco in October 1915 by Christine Miller..." Frow, George L., The Edison Disc Phonographs and the Diamond Discs" p.237

Frow also notes that "Live-versus recorded demonstrations -- called Recitals -- took place in 1913 some time after the official unveiling of the Edison Disc Phonographs, but details are elusive." - Frow, George L., The Edison Disc Phonographs and the Diamond Discs" p.236

 

(5) "The first tone-test was given at the Panama-Pacific exposition on October 21, Edison Day, as it was called..." The Boston Sunday Herald, Boston, November 21, 1915.

A footnote in The Edison Phonograph Monthly November, 1915, p. 10 noted the following: Oct. 23.--"Tone-Test Recital at San Francisco at SCOTTISH RITE HALL, very successful -- Attendance 944. Most appreiative audience yet. Acoustics and presentation perfect.' -- V. E. B. Fuller.

 

 

(6) Photograph of Edison and Ford at Western Union exhibit examining the Edison Telegraph Perforator. Liberal Arts Palace. Cardinell-Vincent Company, Photographer. 1915. Courtesy of the University of California, Davis.

 

 

 

On This Day December 29, 1888

(1) PUNCH, OR THE LONDON CHAVARI, December 29, 1888, extracted on 10-02-2019 from The Internet Archive and entry for Punch by Lemon, Mark, 1809-1870, ed; Mayhew, Henry, 1812-1887, ed; Taylor, Tom, 1817-1880, ed; Brooks, Shirley, 1815-1874, ed; Burnand, F. C. (Francis Cowley), Sir, 1836-1917, ed; Seaman, Owen, Sir, 1861-1936, ed, from the collection of Robarts - University of Toronto.

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

The "Ola" Brands

(1) The Antique Phonograph Society (www.antiquephono.org) - The Antique Phonograph is a worldwide society of 1000+ members who share a passion for the preservation of antique phonographs, gramophones and records. We encourage, promote, publish and present research on the history of sound recording and reproduction, including the machines that create and preserve these wonderful voices and sounds. To that end, our Society maintains informative articles on its website which are open to the public, as well as an exhaustive online searchable archive of over 20,000 pages of phonograph and record research material available to members. We publish a full-color quarterly journal called The Antique Phonograph. The APS also sponsors an annual antique phonograph/record Expo and banquet, to which all are welcome. JOIN TODAY!

 

(2) The Canadian Antique Phonograph Society (CAPS) interests range across all aspects of sound recording and its history: phonographs and gramophones, all types of sound recordings of historic importance, ephemera and related memorabilia. There is particular emphasis placed on the history of recorded sound in Canada. JOIN TODAY!

 

(3) The Brant-ola - For details, see the Canadian Antique Phonograph Project's entry for Brant-ola., Extracted 9-13-2019

 

(4) Curtiss Aeronola - For details, see the Canadian Antique Phonograph Project's entry for Curtiss Aeronola - Logo from inside lid courtesy of Stephen McKendry-Smith, CAPS, Extracted 9-13-2019

 

(5) Curtiss Aeronola Advertisement courtesy of Keith Wright and CAPS, Edmonton Journal Sept. 27, 1919 pg 19 Extracted 9-13-2019

 

(6) Grandola - also Mfg. by Purdy Phonograph Co., Toronto, courtesy of CAPS Project ca. 1920 extracted 9-14-2019

 

(7) Gunn-Sun-Ola Courtesy Betty Pratt and CAPS Project, extracted 9-14-2019

 

(8) Hectrola - "Hectrola" records were pressed for a time by the Compo Co. of Montreal Canada - see full article on the Compo Co. by Steven C. Barr for the Canadian Antique Phonograph Society. Courtesy of CAPS Project, extracted 9-14-2019.

 

(9) Phonola - The Pollock Manufacturing Company of Berlin, Ontario 1914-1933 - Comprehensive history can be found in CAPS Project for Phonola and From Roll Back The Years, by Edward Moogk, National Library of Canada, 1975 - Per CAPS there is no connection between Pollock/Electrohome/Phonola and the US machines made under the 'Phonola' name by Conley and later Waters Conley. Logo and info extracted 9-14-2019.

 

(10) Phonola Conley Company History - Conley Company to Waters Conley Company History excerpted from "Photographs To Phonographs" by David N. Sterling which seems to have been an article for "The Photographic Collector's Newsletter", Volume III, Number 4, (June 1975). Summary extracted from CAPS Project 9-14-2019

 

(11) Rayola - Edward Moogk in Roll Back The Years (National Library of Canada, 1975) p. 63 states: "During 1917, London, Ontario, began to get some of the action...the imported Crescent Silver Tone and Rayola phonographs were handled by the London Phonograph Co..." (extracted 9-14-2019 from CAPS Rayola )

 

(12) Photograph of McLaughlin Buick circa 1917 advertising London Phonograph Co., from Allan Noon's book, East of Adelaide, Photographs of commercial, industrial and working-class urban Ontario, 1905-1930, London Regional Art and Historical Museums, 1989. W.J. Wray & Co., Jewelers, of 234 Dundas St. London (extracted from CAPS Rayola 9-14-2019.

 

(13) Ro-Tone-Ola, J. T. Rowe, Aylmer Organ/Phonograph Manufacturer, John Street North, Aylmer, Ontario. Courtesy of CAPS Ro-Tone Ola.

 

(14) Symphonola - Edward Moogk's Roll Back The Years on p. 63 states: "...at 406-408 [Yonge St., Toronto] the Canadian Symphonola Co. Ltd. was promoting the symphonola [sic] as Canada's "premier phonograph." Photograph of logo courtesy of Keith Wright. Info and photo extracted from CAPS Symphonola on 9-14-2019

 

(15) The Rock-Ola Scale Company was founded in 1927 by David Cullen Rockola. The company became the Rock-Ola Manufacturing Corporation in 1932.

 

 

 

 

The "Phon" and "Graph" Brands

(1) The Antique Phonograph Society (www.antiquephono.org) - The Antique Phonograph is a worldwide society of 1000+ members who share a passion for the preservation of antique phonographs, gramophones and records. We encourage, promote, publish and present research on the history of sound recording and reproduction, including the machines that create and preserve these wonderful voices and sounds. To that end, our Society maintains informative articles on its website which are open to the public, as well as an exhaustive online searchable archive of over 20,000 pages of phonograph and record research material available to members. We publish a full-color quarterly journal called The Antique Phonograph. The APS also sponsors an annual antique phonograph/record Expo and banquet, to which all are welcome. JOIN TODAY!

 

(2) The Canadian Antique Phonograph Society (CAPS) whose interests range across all aspects of sound recording and its history: phonographs and gramophones, all types of sound recordings of historic importance, ephemera and related memorabilia. There is particular emphasis placed on the history of recorded sound in Canada. JOIN TODAY!

 

(3) R.J. Wakeman's article for Antique Phonograph Society titled "Off-Brand Talking Machines". Wakeman extensively used the trade magazine Talking Machine World (TMW) in his research to identify which companies were making talking machines and when they may have first marketed their machines.

He includes dates for his entries and notes that those dates refer to the date of "a machine’s first TMW advertisement, which in turn roughly indicates when a machine was first marketed. Manufacturers were quick to advertise in TMW all new products. Many but not all companies applied for a trademark."

Wakeman also used his correspondence with other collectors (which he identifies in his list as EM = email) for identifying machines that are known to exist but for which there is little information about the brand. Mr. Wakeman's list of "off-brand" talking machines from 1910-1925 totals over 460 brands.

 

(4) Canadian made machines have also been included from the Canadian Antique Phonograph Project, extracted on 9/5/2019 and noted as such on applicable machines.

 

(5) The Cremonophone by Norman F. Brooks article extracted 9/5/2019 from CAPS which originated in the September-October, 1998 issue of the Canadian Antique Phonograph Society publication, Antique Phonograph News.

 

 

5A) The Dictaphone from Clarence Charles Smith (1922) The Expert Typist, MacMillan Co., New York, USA, p.123, fig.37 extracted from Google Books 9-18-2019

 

 

(6) The Lyraphone - Lippert Furniture Company, extracted 9/5/2019 from CAPS

 

(7) Musicphone - Edward Moogk's Roll Back The Years on p. 62 states: "Operations started up in other Ontario centres. In Hamilton, the Newbigging Cabinet Company, specialists in player-piano rolls and record cabinets, came out with its Musicphone, a Canadian-built machine with an electrical motor, capable of playing both vertical and lateral cut records." Extracted 9/5/2019 from CAPS

 

(8) Sonophone - Photography of logo inside lid courtesy of the Canadian Antique Phonograph Project and the Uxbridge Historical Centre

 

(9) Sono-phonic - P. T. Legaré was a large commercial empire in Quebec (known for farm equipment and knitting machines in particular), the machine above may be manufactured by them or the rebranding of another - information and image extracted from the Canadian Antique Phonograph Project on 9/5/2019

 

(10) Super-Phonic - Brochure from 1928 providinig information about Standard Phonograph Accessories and Supply Co of Montreal and illustrations of 5 Super-Phonic machines, courtesy of Norman Brooks, author of the article on the Cremonaphone (see endnote #5).

 

(11) Vanophone - Vanophone logo and information extracted from the Canadian Antique Phonograph Project on 9/5/2019; Music Trade Review, p. 10, November 2, 1918 courtesy of Betty Pratt, CAPS.

 

(12) Vitaphone - "Canadian Vitaphone Company. Phonograph manufacturer located in Toronto 1913-16. Its product, the Vitaphone, was devised by the US inventor Clinton B. Repp and featured a wooden tone-arm and stationary sound-box. The company, headed by W.R. Fosdick (former manager of His Master's Voice Ltd in Toronto), also imported Columbia recordings for release on the Vitaphone Label, from masters leased from Columbia in the USA.

Artists included the popular Canadian tenors Henry Burr and Harold Jarvis, the Columbia Male Quartette (renamed the Maple Leaf Male Quartette), and Prince's Band (renamed the Vitaphone Military Band). The Vitaphone series is listed in Roll Back the Years by Edward B. Moogk. Information courtesy of Betty Pratt, CAPS, extracted on 9/5/2019

 

 

 

PhonoLithos

(1) Bing

• Founded 1863 (toy making in 1880)

• Nuremberg / Germany

Brothers Ignaz and Adolf Bing began the manufacture of metal objects for the home and kitchen. In 1880 they began to make their first toys: success was enormous and in a few years the factory became the most important for toy production in the world. Before the first world war, if one counts the various factories and agencies throughout Europe, the company employed nearly 5,000. The company exported all over the world, but above all to America. In fact the 1929 crisis dealt it a fatal blow, and it foundered. The factory was acquired in 1932 by Karl Bub. This was the end of the largest toy factory that had ever existed in the world. (Courtesy DGCollection)

 

BING WERKE BW

The Bing Corporation in New York, which was the American branch of the German company called Bing Werke (Gebrüder Bing AG) in Nuremberg. In 1925 the Bing Corporation introduced its own gramophone called Bingophone. Other Gramophones were Kiddyphon, Beymir, Bingola I - (Courtesy of 78RPM-Club)

 

 

 

 

 

The "Our Song" Phenomenon - A Phonograph Recollection

(1) A Phonograph Recollection, named with a tip of the hat to Mari Sandoz's The Christmas of the Phonograph Records - A Recollection

 

(2) Original Valentino's pizza restaurant, 35th and Holdrege. Lincoln, NE 1957 (courtesy of Valentino's and Lincoln Journal Star). Val's pizza didn't have delivery service so before any of us could drive there was a significant dependency of an adult picking it up on the other side of town.

Ordering was also a challenge. It was common on a Friday or Saturday that we would start dialing around 4:00 pm to put in an order and we might get busy signals for an hour or more. There was a phone in the Keister basement (rotary phone) so this meant dialing, getting a busy signal and then redialing until we could get through. There was no auto redial on telephones. And at Val's there was no putting us "on hold" option. We actually would take turns doing the dialing until we got through.

Even when we got our order placed it might not be ready for several hours.

 

 

 

(3) There's no accounting for taste, a.k.a. Music. How my tastes have changed...

 

 

 

 

PhonoBooks - Abide by Jake Adam York

(1) Curiously, at the time Leon Scott invented his phonautograph, he had devised a way only to make a visual record of a voice, but not to reproduce the sound. Scott's recording bristle -- from a pig or a bird -- scratched the surface of the blackened paper to make a visual tracing of the voice. "He never anticipated that these tracings could be used to reproduce the voice," Koenigsberg said. "They were only used for visual study."

Courtesy of Allen Koenigsberg and the New York Times, March 25, 1999 by Katie Hafner

 

 

(2) Jake was inspired by the Civil Rights Memorial to take on a project he called Inscriptions for Air. He wrote of this project:

Inscriptions for Air is the collective name for the body of elegiac poetry I’ve been writing for the last decade, dedicated to the memory of the martyrs of the Civil Rights Movement, known and unknown. Inscriptions for Air is a book with several spines, with many bindings, which include those of Murder Ballads, A Murmuration of Starlings, and Persons Unknown, while also exceeding them.

Courtesy of Los Angeles Review of Books, The Air We Make Together: The Life and Poetry of Jake Adam York April 7, 2013 By Jon Tribble

 

 

PhonoBooks - The Big Book of Time

(1) Readers Digest Kids Big Book of Time, Written by William Edmonds - Illustrations by Helen Marsden Copyright

© 1994 Marshall Editions Developments Ltd., Text copyright © 1994 William Edmonds ISBN 0-89577-579-4 (1)

 

 

 

 



Phonograph Connections with the Sewing Machine

 

(1) "The new phonograph takes up, with its table, about the space occupied by a sewing-machine, and might at first be taken for one." The Atlantic, February 1889

 

 

(2) "Uncle Sam--Now Let Some of the Other Fellows Invent Something" by Charles Nelan, New York Herald, January 9, 1898 courtesy of Ohio State Library, Cartoonist Collection, https://library.osu.edu/projects/ohio-cartoonists/nelan.html>

 

 

(3) Phono-Graphics - The Visual Parphernalia of The Talking Machine by Arnold Schwartzman, ©1993 Chronicle Books; Photograph by Garry Brod ©1993

This is a superb book of phonograph related images and graphic styles used "to adorn and advertise phonographs and phonograph accourtrements during the golden age of the Talking Machine" including this set of Columbia Graphophone needle tins from the collection of the author, Arnold Schwartman.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

(1) - Miscellaneous Phonograph connections in history and popular culture

Phonograph related images - in advertisements and photographs, on the intranet, etc.

Phonograph related phrases - heard in sayings such as "sounds like a broken record", "in the groove", and "record album".

Phonograph related experiences - stories related to growing up with recorded sound, listening to vinyl records played by phonographs, etc.

Phonograph related facts called Factolas - facts related to the phonograph and recorded sound

 

 

 



 



PhonoFood

(1) Stollwerk phonograph and records displayed as logo courtesy of EMI Archive Trust

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memories of the Phonograph - Menu

(1) Stollwe

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why December 6th?

 

(1) Edison Cylinder Records 1889-1912, Allen Koenigsberg p. xii ""Kruesi finished the phonograph.", as recorded in the diary of Charles Batchelor, one of Edison's aides.

 

(2) NPS.gov (National Park Service) - "He liked the phonograph so much he called it his "baby." He also worked on the phonograph longer than any other invention--52 years--and made many improvements."

 

(3) Technical Notes 968, Speaking Telegraph, July 17, 1877 The Papers of Thomas A. Edison, p 438

 

(4) Patrick Feaster, "Speech Acoustics and the Keyboard Telephone: Rethinking Edison's Discovery of the Phonograph Principle," ARSC Journal 38:1 (Spring 2007), 10-43

 

(5) Edison Cylinder Records 1889-1912, Allen Koenigsberg p. xi - "But Edison, as early as July 18, 1877, had already discovered the basic principle of the phonograph, and mentioned it almost in passing on a laboratory work sheet. Edison was concerned at the time with developing a cheap and efficient method of transferring telegraph signals from station to station. He conceived an automatic electro-mechanical device and built both cyulinder and disc models. As he later recalled it was his hearing difficult which caused him to attach a sharp point to a telephone diaphragm and the vibrations actually caused the point to prick his finger. He then reasoned that the mechanical force of the diaphragm would be equivalent to the electrical embossing point of the telegraph apparatus. By the end of July he had constructed a paraffin paper deviced called a telephonic repeater, and immediately filed for a patent in Greta Britain."

 

(6) Rutgers - http://edison.rutgers.edu/tinfoil.htm - "In July 1877, while developing his telephone transmitter..."

 

(7) Edison Cylinder Records 1889-1912, Allen Koenigsberg p. xii

 

(8) America's Story - see source 7 for details

 

(9) Edison Cylinder Records 1889-1912, Allen Koenigsberg p. xii ""apprently this sketch that his workman, John Kruesi, used to construct the first tin-foil model."

 

(10) Edison Cylinder Records 1889-1912, Allen Koenigsberg p. xii ""Kruesi made phonograph today.", as recorded in the diary of Charles Batchelor, one of Edison's aides.

 

(11) Rutgers - http://edison.rutgers.edu/tinfoil.htm - The Thomas A. Edison Papers Project is co-sponsored by Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, the National Park Service, the New Jersey Historical Commission, and the Smithsonian Institution.

 

(12) Charles Cros, for his due credit as described in “The Talking Machine”, p. 9, by Timothy C. Fabrizio and George F. Paul

 

 

 

 

 

Moorsetown, NJ and the Nipper connection

(1) The connection of Nipper to Moorestown is Eldridge R. Johnson, the early 20th century businessman and inventor who moved his family to Moorsetown in 1919. Johnson bought the American rights to the painting of Nipper, "His Master's Voice," in 1900. Nipper became one of the most famous advertising icons in the world promoting the Victor Talking Machine, the Victrola and millions of phonograph and gramophone records.

After the 1929 purchase of the Victor Talking Machine Company by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) the company became RCA Victor and continued to use Nipper as its trademark for radios and a variety of other technologies.

 

 

 

 

 

Cotesfield, NE - A Brief History

(1) "Cotesfield, Howard County". Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 13 August 2014. Wikipedia

 

(2) Capace, Nancy (1999). Encyclopedia of Nebraska. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-403-09834-7. Wikipedia

 

(3) Fitzpatrick, Lillian L. (1960). Nebraska Place-Names. University of Nebraska Press. p. 80. ISBN 0-8032-5060-6. A 1925 edition is available for download at University of Nebraska—Lincoln Digital Commons. WIkipedia

 

(4) "Charles and James Adams were... and a doctor." Courtesy of Lester Boilesen and Nebraska Our Towns - Central and North Central 1989 , p. 148, A Second Century Publication, 1989

 

(5) Photograph Main Street Cotesfield 1905, courtesy of Lester Boilesen and Nebraska Our Towns - Central and North Central 1989 , p. 149, A Second Century Publication, 1989

 

(6) Photograph Main Street Cotesfield 1988, courtesy of Harris and Nebraska Our Towns - Central and North Central 1989 , p. 149, A Second Century Publication, 1989

 

(7) "Cotesfield Post Office". Howard County Historical Society. Retrieved 13 August 2014. Wikipedia

 

(8) Schweitzer, Amy. 138-year-old Cotesfield Church to Close, Grand Island Independent, Dec 3, 2011, https://www.theindependent.com/news/local/year-old-cotesfield-church-to-close/article_89204ab9-15c8-5e50-9a88-b2eeac5e9a0d.html ( accessed August 4, 2019)

 

 

 

Museums

(1) MUSEUM COLLECTION - Three photographs from mos.ru Moscow Official Website, extracted on 9-5-2019 related to The House of Vintage Music, Moscow as described in an article of April 15, 2017- it is not known if this collection later became part of MUSEUM COLLECTION.

Phonograph Hall, late 19th century to 1920s

Klingsor Phonograph 1920s

Phonograph. France. 1900s

 

 

 

Axel and Betty Legacy Exhibit

(1) MASSANI 1905 Oil Painting "The Phonograph" as described in 1906 by Edison trade magazine:

A STRIKING OIL PAINTING. A calendar for 1906 was mailed to the entire trade early in January. Its principal feature was a reproduction by the three-color process of an oil painting of an old couple listening in delighted amazement to an Edison Phonograph for the first time. The original of this picture was painted by Massani, a noted Ital- ian painter. It was imported a year ago by William Johnson, then of Fifth avenue, New York city. Its first public exhibition in this country was at the Chalfonte Hotel, Atlantic City, where Mr. Johnson had an extensive exhibit of paintings, and where it was priced at $1,050. It was there bought by the National Phonograph Co. It is now being reproduced in a handsome and life-like manner in fourteen colors of lithography, and copies will later be distributed to the trade. This reproduction will be the full size of the original painting, 17 x 25 inches. It will be worth a place in any home. Other uses of the painting will follow. The subject is universally regarded as one of the most striking ever put out in connection with a talking machine.

The Edison Phonograph Monthly, March 1906

 

 

 

Strawberries

(1) Sister Bev, Brother James, etc. - I love Tracy Chevalier's books and her At the Edge of the Orchard includes 17 years of annual letter writing on New Year's Day by brother Robert who poignantly never receives the letters sister Martha sends to him. In those letters it caught my fancy how they addressed each other with "Dear Sister" and "Dear Brothers and Sisters" and how Martha signs her letters "I am your sister Martha" and Robert signs "Your brother Robert."

After reading At the Edge of the Orchard I adopted these salutation and complimentary closing 'styles' for relatives when I write a letter or an email or if I leave a message on the phone.

This somewhat extraneous endnote is also my way of enthusiastically recommending all of Tracy Chevalier books.

 

 

 

Dictionary of Phonographia

(1) The Dictionary of Phonographia is authored and/or documented by Friends of the Phonograph

(2) Sculpting Sound: The Life of a Field Recordist - Jack Needham speaks to practitioners of the art of field recording about the history of the craft and their distinct creative philosophies, March 24, 2017 - http://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/2017/03/the-art-of-field-recording

 

 

 

Recording Factola - Video Games on Vinyl

(1) Excerpt from Video Game Soundtracks On Vinyl To Add To Your Collection, September 17, 2019 by Mathan Raj, extracted on 9-17-2019.

Firstly, do you remember these titles? Castlevania, God Of War, The Last Of Us, and Resident Evil 2. At first look, they are recognized as video games. These titles also share something in common. Each of the titles has inspired the creation of a vinyl record that has charted on the Billboard 200.

Certainly, video game soundtracks have been contributing to the vinyl resurgence. iam8bit is one such label which prides itself as a label dedicated to producing video game soundtracks on vinyl. The label has sold 200,000 albums to date. At the present time, in 2019 there are various labels that specialize in video game soundtracks on vinyl. For example, Mondo, Fangamer, Data Discs and more emerging as the demand for the medium increases.

 

 

 

Entertainment Growing Up in Elba, Nebraska - Betty Ann Barr Boilesen

(1) A movie serial was a series of short movies or one-reelers that were designed to be seen as episodes. They were famous for leaving you wanting to know what was going to happen next.

 

(2) Little Orphan Annie In the Den of Thieves, Reprinted from daily strip beginning March 19, 1944 and ending July 28, 1944

 

(3) "The Balking Mule made by Marx is probably the more likely one Mom had which could have been ordered from a Montgomery Wards & Co. Catalogue in 1930 for 48 cents including postage.

 

 

(4) Home Ice Delivery - In many towns there was home ice delivery service as seen in circa 1910 postcard showing an ice company delivering ice via horse and wagon (place unknown other than the wagon says "Gibson Adams Ice.")

 

 

 

 

(5) Vanilla in ice cream - "Thomas Jefferson may have discovered vanilla ice cream when a bottle of vanilla extract accidentally spilled into the frozen milk and cream dessert he was preparing during the summer he wrote our Constitution, according to an interesting line in a class action federal lawsuit filed on Oct. 4 against Wegmans Food Markets." (by Tracy Schuhmacher, Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, extracted on October 10, 2019 )

 

(6) GEM Ice Cream Freezer made by The American Machine Company, Philadelphia, PA. Catalogue and Price-List of Hardware Specialties, No. 10, 1889, page 5, Gem Ice Cream Freezer courtesy of The Smithsonian Libraries. Extracted on 2019-10-04

 

(7) Cherry Mash and the Chase Candy Company. Chase’s famous mascot, the ”Candy Cop,” was prominently featured on most of their candy bar wrappers. Extracted on 2019-10-04.

 

(8) "The original candy consisted of a quarter-pound mound of chopped roasted peanuts, blended with chocolate coating over a smooth cherry fondant center. It was originally called Cherry Chase, and then Cherry Chaser before becoming known as Cherry Mash." Wikipedia extracted 2019-10-04

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Hour of Charm - Courtesy of the Radio - Betty Ann Barr Boilesen

(1) The Hour of Charm All Girl Orchestra was assembled by conductor and band leader Phil Spitalny. Spitalny and the orchestra made their debut in New York City at the Capitol Theater, and began a network radio program, "The Hour of Charm," on January 3, 1935. He said that he found the best players in small towns, reasoning that the women were able to devote more time to practicing their instruments and developing good technique. He instructed them to follow a strict and rigid routine, rehearsing for five or six hours a day, and, as part of their contract, the women pledged not to leave and get married without giving six months' notice. Ranging in age from 17 to 30, it didn't take long for the band to become an attraction - and for years, their show was a fixture on Sundays, first over CBS (1935), then NBC (1936-46), and then back on CBS (1946-48). They became so popular by 1940 that the orchestra had expanded to 34 members. From Discogs & Wikipedia

 

(2) On May 20, 1936, Congress passed the Rural Electrification Act which was one of the most important pieces of legislation passed as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. This law allowed the federal government to make low-cost loans to farmers who had banded together to create non-profit cooperatives for the purpose of bringing electricity to rural America. NPS.gov

 

 

 

Annie's Good-Night Routine

(1) Burns & Allen Radio Show

Burns and Allen was an American comedy duo consisting of George Burns and his wife, Gracie Allen. They worked together as a successful comedy team that entertained vaudeville, film, radio, and television audiences for over forty years.

The duo met in 1922 and married in 1926. Burns was the straight man and Allen was a silly, addle-headed woman...Their 30-minute radio show debuted in September 1934 as The Adventures of Gracie, whose title changed to The Burns and Allen Show in 1936; the series ran, moving back and forth between NBC and CBS, until May 1950. - Courtesy Wikipedia

 

 

Anna Ellen Ender Vogt Barr

(1) Anna's sister Sarah (Tay) married Ernest Vogt, the brother of Anna's first husband (Frank Vogt). Tay and Ernest divorced due to Ernest's alcoholism. Ernest died in 1925 and the coroner determined that 'poison' was the cause of death resulting from some whiskey that he had received. His body was found near a pile of railroad ties on a railroad siding outside of town. The Howard County Herald reported that "Ernest was addicted to the use of intoxicating liquor for a number of years but was never known by relatives to remain out of doors after becoming intoxicated." Howard County Herald, October 1, 1925 p1.