of the Phonograph
Friends of the Phonograph
Phonographia Red-Letter Days for Friends
of the Phonograph
Birthday - Thomas
Earliest recording of
the human voice
Birthday - Édouard-Léon
Birthday - Charles
Birthday of Edison's
Phonographia galleries that celebrate the Phonograph
of the Phonograph
short stories and memories of the Phonograph by Friends of the
and Betty Boilesen Legacy Collection
small collection of phonographs and stories
in honor of Axel and Betty Boilesen
phonograph connections found in pop culture
A gallery honoring Nipper, a unique star in the history of talking
Favorite movies selected by
Friends of the Phonograph
LP Albums (3)
5 LP's selected by Friends of the Phonograph
5 songs selected by Friends of the Phonograph
1977, one-hundred years after the invention of the Phonograph,
Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were launched. On the outside of each
was attached a gold plated copper phonograph record - a "message
in the bottle" and "greetings from Earth" - protected
by an aluminum cover. (4)
This Day" - Other noteworthy Phonographia
6 - Eldridge Reeves Johnson (February 6, 1867 in Wilmington,
Delaware founded the Victor Talking Machine Company alongside Emile
Berliner, a United States corporation, and built it into the leading
American producer of phonographs and phonograph records and one
of the leading phonograph companies in the world at the time.
18 - Jesse Harrison Lippincott, born February 18, 1842
(Mt Pleasant, PA), founder of the North American Phonograph Company
(July 14, 1888)
- Alexander Graham Bell, born March 3, 1847 Edinburgh, Scotland
- scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with
patenting the first practical telephone; Bell funded the Volta Laboratory
in 1880 which became an experimental facility devoted to scientific
discovery, and the very next year it improved Edison's phonograph
by substituting wax for tinfoil as the recording medium and incising
the recording rather than indenting it, key upgrades that Edison
himself later adopted. The laboratory was also the site where he
and his associate invented his "proudest achievement", "the photophone",
the "optical telephone" which presaged fibre optical telecommunications.
- Leon Forrest Douglass (March 12, 1869 – September 7, 1940) was
an American inventor and co-founder of the Victor Talking Machine
Company who registered approximately fifty patents, mostly for film
and sound recording techniques.
May 15 -
John Kruesi, was a Swiss born machinist (May 15, 1843 – February
22, 1899) and a close associate of Thomas Edison. As Edison's head
machinist at Menlo Park he took the rough drawing from Edison and
constructed the first Phonograph. Kruesi was also involved in many
other Edison inventions, including the quadruplex telegraph, the
carbon microphone, the incandescent light bulb and the system of
May 20 -
Emile Berliner (May 20, 1851 – August 3, 1929), originally
Emil Berliner, was a German-American inventor. He is best known
for inventing the phonograph record (called gramophone record in
British English and originally also in American English) and the
phonograph (gramophone in British English and originally also in
American English). He founded the Berliner Gramophone Company in
1895, The Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897, Deutsche
Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898 and Berliner Gram-o-phone
Company of Canada in Montreal in 1899 (chartered in 1904). See Emile
Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry.
- Charles Sumner Tainter, born Aug. 25, 1854, Watertown
Mass., U.S - American scientific instrument maker, engineer and
inventor, best known for his collaborations with Alexander Graham
Bell, Chichester Bell, Alexander's father-in-law Gardiner Hubbard,
and for his significant improvements to Thomas Edison's phonograph,
resulting in the Graphophone, one version of which was the first
Dictaphone - Wikipedia
August 20 - Voyager
2 launched by NASA on August 20, 1977.
September 5 - Voyager
1 launched by NASA on September 5, 1977.
November 30 -
The birthdate of Chichester Bell, cousin to Alexander Graham Bell,
is unknown other than he was born in 1848. Chichester, Alexander
Bell and Charles Tainter's successful development of the Graphophone
led to the formation of the Volta Graphophone Company of Alexandria,
Virginia in February 1886 by those three principals, along with
Chichester's brother, lawyer and banker, Charles B. Bell.
Overall, Chichester is to be
remembered for his important contributions in developing improved
versions of the phonograph.
November 30 has been selected
for Chichester Bell's "On This Day" in recognition of
Bell helping to establish the Edison
Bell company on 30 November 1892 in London to sell phonographs produced
by the Edison United Phonograph Compnay.
Letter RPM Birthdays
for Friends of the Phonograph
records have revolved at many speeds, most of which have come and
are currently six "Red Letter RPM
RMP birthdays are a "tip of the hat" to revolutions per minute (rpm)
record speeds(1), as part of a Friend
of the Phonograph's birthday celebration, aka a Phonographian's
2/3" , "33
1/3" . "45"
other words, if you are a Phonographian and your birthday age is
one of these RPM speeds you should "tip your hat" to that
RPM and "Remember the phonograph" as part of your birthday
it isn't a Phonographia Day, it can still be celebrated!
of the Phonograph look for any excuse to celebrate connections
with the Phonograph.
a Phonographia Day an Unbirthday party is always an option.
Walt Disney record that can be used to celebrate un-Phonographia
the wonder of what it does, Friends of the Phonograph also
celebrate the phonograph as an environmentally friendly machine.
a machine that one can wind up and play 100 years after it was
made represents the best of consumer products: a carbon free machine
requiring no electricity and never (hopefully) ending up in a
motto of Phonographians?
ENERGY - WIND A PHONOGRAPH
of the Phonograph also support other green measures.
Westminster Colorado chapter of Friends of the Phonograph
have adopted the walking path and pond of one of the city's open
spaces known as Mushroom Pond. Originally inspired by their dog
loving Friends of Nipper (since the adopted trail is a
popular place to walk dogs), Phonographians keep this trail clean
for people and man's best friend.
IT CLEAN - FRIENDS OF NIPPER
Phonograph - It's GREEN
Pond - Westminster, Colorado
Phonographia Red-Letter Days
birthday of Thomas Edison (February 11, 1847), inventor of the
Phonograph, the first device to record and playback sound waves.
of the Phonograph celebrate the Phonograph as the invention
that began the personal and home entertainment revolution by capturing
and playing back sound.
celebration: Apple pie and a glass of milk or cup of tea.
Edison, April 18, 1877, Washington, D.C., The Brady Studio
Édouard-Léon Scott patented his Phonautograph on March 25,
1857. The phonautograph is the earliest known device for recording
celebration: French macaron cookie with a glass of French wine.
Phonautograph, 1859 with barrel made of plaster of paris
The first line of Au clair de la lune, "the earliest
clearly recognizable record of the human voice yet recovered, "
was recorded by Édouard-Léon Scott on his Phonautograph on
April 9, 1860. See First
Sounds for comprehensive story.
celebration: Glass of French wine while viewing the moon and
holding one lit candle.
from "Au Clair de la Lune", traditional French folk song, reprinted
in a French children's book Vieilles Chansons pour les Petits
Enfants: Avec Accompagnements by Widor, Charles Marie, 1844-1937
(book text), Louis-Maurice Boutet de Monvel,1855-1913 (illustration)-
source Wikimedia Commons.
birthday of Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville (April 25, 1817)
, a French printer and bookseller, invented the earliest known sound
recording device, the phonautograph.
celebration: Birthday cake with a glass of French wine.
birthday of Charles Cros (October 1, 1842, Fabrezan, France)
is celebrated as the
first person to conceive a method for reproducing recorded
sound with an invention he named the Paleophone.
celebration: A glass of French wine with salted herring
while viewing Mars and listening to "A Signal from Mars".
birthday of Edison's Phonograph (December 6, 1877), the first
device to record and playback sound waves.
celebration: Sing "Happy Birthday to the Phonograph",
enjoy birthday cake, and listen to Edison's recreated recording
of his first words spoken into the Phonograph. "Mary had a
on the sketch of the first Phonograph
for birthday related information
Friends of the Phonograph
these galleries for more Phonographia.
(1) - The
celebration of the phonograph's rpms
disc recordings were produced in a variety of speeds ranging from
60 to 130 rpm, and Edison cylinders were 160 rpm, FOTP Red Letter
RPM Birthdays are currently the following:
16 2/3 rpm
(first used in early 1930's and subsequently used for 1) spoken
word recordings, 2) car music systems like Chrysler's Hi-Way
Hi-Fi 2 of the 1950's 3) background music systems for restaurants
and businesses 4) limited music formats - see Canada Antique
Phonograph Society (CAPS) May 2010 article by Mike Dicecco for
history of 16 2/3 format);
33 1/3 rpm
(first used by Vitaphone in 1930 for electrical transcription
recordings and introduced in 1948 by Columbia Records as the
Long-Playing Record (LP));
(introduced by RCA in 1949);
(the standard for early disc records from 1890s into the 1950's);
(for Edison Diamond Disc records),
90 rpm (for
Pathé disc records with vertically cut grooves requiring a special
sapphire ball-shaped stylus).
(2) - Favorite
is a round-about way to celebrate the connection between the phonograph
and talking movies which began with W. K. L. Dickson's Kinetophonograph's
syncronized film and recorded sound using an Edison cylinder Phonograph.
Watch this ca. 1895 experiment by clicking the photo.
(3) A record album
A record album
is a collection of music or sounds. Early records had only one
song per record but they were often put in "albums" that had
multiple pages. These early record albums resembled photograph
albums but contained captured sounds instead of captured sights.
Go to the Favorite
LP Albums to see Top-five album selections made by Friends
of the Phonograph (just like top-five lists created by John
Cusack in the movie High-Fidelity).
list maker John Cusack in Hi-Fidelity, courtesy Touchstone
(4) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
California Institute of Technology - http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/spacecraft/goldenrec.html
Voyager's phonograph records used a needle and "grooves"
and were not laser discs although images were viewable on
the discs. The record was analog technology and the audio
was played at 16 2/3 rpm. The overall intent was remarkable
- communicate "a story of our world to extraterrestrials."
more information about this Voyager phonograph record sent
to the stars, read Carl Sagan's "Murmurs of Earth" or visit
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory website "What
is the Golden Record?"
(5) - Henry Hall's
recording of the Teddy Bear's Picnic was of especially
good quality with a large tonal range. It was used for more
than 30 years by BBC audio engineers (up until the early 1960s)
to test and calibrate the frequency response of audio equipment.
(Courtesy of Wikipedia)
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