On this Day Factola

May 20, 1851

Emile Berliner's Birthday


Emile Berliner 1871 (1)



Emile Berliner (May 20, 1851 August 3, 1929), originally Emil Berliner, was a German-born American inventor. He is best known for inventing the flat disc record (called a "gramophone record" in British and American English) and the Gramophone.

He founded the United States Gramophone Company in 1894, The Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897, Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898, Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal in 1899 (chartered in 1904), and Victor Talking Machine Company in 1901 with Eldridge Johnson. (2)


Visit Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry to see this digital collection of the Library of Congress that showcases the work of Emile Berliner, a prominent inventor at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries.


Berliner's Original Gramophone (3)





Watch this Berliner Gramophone, the first hand driven toy Gramophone made by Kammer & Reinhardt in Germany 1890, playing a 5 inch record

Courtesy of Phonogalerie (4)







Emile Berliner 1900 (5)




Berliner Gram-o-phone Magazine Advertisement, Cosmopolitan 1896




Improved Berliner Gram-O-Phone Record Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada (6)





May 20, 1851 - On this Day Factola