Phonographians find many days and many
ways to Celebrate the Phonograph!
Phonograph records have revolved at many speeds,
most of which have come and gone.
Record speeds, however, are one
way to remember the Phonograph.
There are currently seven Friends
of the Phonograph "RPM Birthdays".
These RMP birthdays
are an opportunity to "tip your cap"to the history of revolutions
per minute (rpm) record speeds, doing so as part of a Friend of
the Phonograph's birthday celebration, aka a Phonographian's birthday.
These "tip of
the hat" birthdays are based on the phonograph record speeds
of "8 1/3"
2/3" , "33 1/3" , "45"
, "78" , "80"
, "90" (1)
In other words, if
you are a Phonographian and your birthday age is one of those RPM
speeds you should give the phonograph a tip of the hat as part
of your RPM birthday celebration.
Obviously this is a birthday addendum
invented by a Phonographian designed to add some unique interest to
a birthday while also providing an opportunity to explain a phonograph
factola about record speeds (facts that probably only an invited birthday
guest would listen to with a smile).
it isn't an RPM Phonographia Birthday or Phonographia
Red-Letter Day, it can still be celebrated!
Friends of the
Phonograph look for any excuse to celebrate connections with the
Lacking an RPM Birthday,
a Phonographia Red-Letter Day, or a Friend of the Phonograph's Birthday
there are many other Phonographia On This Day events that can
Check the Phonographia
On this Day
Calendar for what happened today related to the phonograph's history.
And last but not least an Unbirthday
can always be celebrated.
Disney record that can be used to celebrate un-Phonographia birthdays.
"The Mad Tea Party" (Courtesy
of Emily Winfield Martin)
Phonograph ties for an Unbirthday,
of the Phonograph Birthday Song
"On This Day" PhonoCalendar
(1) - The celebration
of the phonograph's RPMs - although early disc and cylinder recordings
were produced in a variety of speeds ranging from 60 to 160 RPM, FOTP
Red Letter RPM Birthdays are currently the following:
8 1/3 RPM (used by
Library Services starting in "1969
to record magzines and the recording of all disc talking books
at 8-1/3 rpm began in January 1973. Use of these slow recording
speeds made it possible to include almost twice as much material
as on a disc of corresponding size recorded at 16-2/3 rpm.
16 2/3 RPM (first used
in early 1930's and subsequently used for 1) spoken word recordings,
2) car music systems like Chrysler's Hi-Way Hi-Fi 2 of the 1950's
3) background music systems for restaurants and businesses 4)
limited music formats - see Canada Antique Phonograph Society
(CAPS) May 2010 article by Mike Dicecco for history of 16 2/3
33 1/3 RPM
(first used by Vitaphone in 1930 for electrical transcription recordings
and introduced in 1948 by Columbia Records as the Long-Playing Record
(introduced by RCA in 1949); For a brief history of the 45 rpm go
(the standard for early disc records from 1890s into the 1950's);
(for Edison Diamond Disc records),
90 RPM (for
Pathé disc records with vertically cut grooves requiring a special
sapphire ball-shaped stylus).
The Big Four (Record Speed Selector
- turn the knob to select turntable speed)
Record Protection for the Future:
"Any record speed from 10 to 85, including the coming 16 R.P.M.!"