The "-Phone- and "-Graph'" Brands

The "Sound Writing" Brands

 

Phonograph - From the Greek phone- meaning "sound" or "voice" and graphe- "writing"

 

'Phon' was used by Ιdouard-Lιon Scott de Martinville in naming his Phonautograph, a device that could transcribe sound waves which he patented on March 25, 1857.

Thomas Edison successfully recorded and reproduced the human voice on December 6, 1877 and named his invention the Phonograph.

Other talking machines would later use "Phon' and "-phone' as part of their branded names. A few more '-graphs' would also take their place in phonograph history.

Below is an extract of most of the brands using 'phon,' 'fone,' 'phone,' 'graph,' and 'graf' for their 20th century branding in the talking machine industry. A special thanks to R.J. Wakeman who compiled a list of 'off-brand' talking machines in his June 2014 article for the Antique Phonograph Society (1) titled "Off-Brand Talking Machines". Wakeman extensively used the trade magazine Talking Machine World (TMW) in his research to identify which companies were making talking machines and when they may have first marketed their machines. He includes dates for his entries and notes that those dates refer to the date of "a machine’s first TMW advertisement, which in turn roughly indicates when a machine was first marketed. Manufacturers were quick to advertise in TMW all new products. Many but not all companies applied for a trademark."

Wakeman also used his correspondence with other collectors (which he identifies in his list as EM = email) for identifying machines that are known to exist but for which there is little information about the brand. Mr. Wakeman's list of "off-brand" talking machines from 1910-1925 totals over 460 brands. A few additions are also included in the following extract of brands.

 

 

Aladdaphone – Bay City, Michigan. EM

 

Angelophone – The Angelico Company, 122 Columbus Heights, Brooklyn, New York. EM

 

Artophone – The Artophone Company, 454 North Boyle Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri. January 1916 TMW

Artophone March 1917 - Ad courtesy of R.J. Wakeman and The Antique Phonograph Society

 

 

 

Autophone – American Phonograph Company, 102 West 101st Street, New York City, New York. January 1915 TMW

 

Camp=Fone – Camp=Fone, 334 Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York. April 1923 TMW

 

Carry-A-Phone – Davenport Phonograph Accessories Company, Inc., Davenport, Iowa. June 1924 TMW

 

Cecilaphone – Bush & Lane Piano Company, Holland, Michigan. July 1918 TMW

 

Ceramiphone – Smith-Phillips Music Company, East Liverpool, Ohio. March 1920 TMW

 

Charmaphone – R. L. Kenyon Manufacturing Company, 39 West 32nd Street, New York City, New York. October 1918 TMW

1923

 

 

Chronophone – The Chronophone is an apparatus patented by Lιon Gaumont in 1902 to synchronise the Cinιmatographe (Chrono-Bioscope) with a disc Phonograph (Cyclophone) using a "Conductor" or "Switchboard". This sound-on-disc display was used as an experiment from 1902 to 1910. Courtesy of Wikipedia

 

 

 

Clock-O-graph – Sears phonograph, 1976 catalogue

 

 

Colorgraphic Twirl-a-Tune -Colorgraphic Inc., Chicago, 4711 W. Lake Street, Chicago

 

 

Compatophone - The Sterno Manufacturing Company, Ltd., London, England. October 1916 TMW

 

Craniograph - No additional information

 

Detmer-Phone – Chicago; St. Louis. EM

 

Discaphone - Edison Bell Consolidated Phonograph Company, Charing Cross Road, London; In 1908 Edison Bell introduced the "Discaphone", a machine that would play both laterally and vertically-cut disc record. Edisonia, Ltd. was created to be the manufacturing arm of Edison Bell. Wikipedia

 

 

 

Dixyphone - German toy phonograph manufactured in 1920's

 

 

Dulciphone – Grand Talking Machine Company, 366 Adam Street, Brooklyn, New York. February 1917 TMW

 

 

Fairy Phone – German toy phonograph manufactured in 1930's

 

 

Figuraphone – Weco circa 1925

 

 

 

Funnygraph – Panasonic SG-200A Portable record player, Panasonic Japan 1972, 33 1/3 RPM

 

 

 

Gram-o-phone - Berliner Gramophone, Cosmopolitan magazine 1896

 

 

 

Graphophone - The Volta Graphophone Company of Alexandria, Virginia, was created on January 6, 1886. The American Graphophone Company was created on March 28, 1887 and merged with the Volta Graphophone Company. In 1889, the trade name Graphophone began to be utilized by Columbia Phonograph Company as the name for their version of the phonograph.

1895 Columbia Type N Graphophone, also known as the Bijou. The Type N was the first cylinder phonograph in the world to be marketed for entertainment use in the home rather than business use in the office

 

 

Harmograph – Harmograph Talking Machine Company, St. Louis, Missouri. 1923 Shapleigh publication

 

Harmonophone – Meyers Drug Company. EM

 

Hexaphone – The Regina Company, 47 West 34th Street, New York City, New York. February 1917 TMW

 

Homophone – Homophone, 5, Rue d Béarn, Paris (3rd) - 1907 L'Illustration magazine

 

Hymnophon - No additional information

 

Hymophone - No additional information

 

Kamophone – Illinois Phonograph Company, 400-412 West Erie Street, Chicago, Illinois. July 1921 TMW

 

Kamp-Fone – Kamp-Fone Health Builders, Inc., 224 Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York. April 1923 TMW

 

Keen-O-Phone – Keen-O-Phone Company, 136-138 South 4th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. June 1914 TMW

 

Kettrophone - No additional information

 

Kiddiephone – The Wilkins Toy Company, Keene, New Hampshire. January 1917 TMW

 

Kiddyphone - German Toy Phonograph Manufacturer in 1920's

 

 

 

Koch-O-Phone – Ands Koch, 296 Broadway, New York City, New York. May 1917 TMW

Koch-O-Phone Dec 1917 - - Ad courtesy of R.J. Wakeman and The Antique Phonograph Society

 

 

Lampagraph – Lampagraph Company, Rialto Theatre Building, St. Louis, Missouri. August 1920 TMW Lampagraph

Lampagraph Company Ad courtesy of R.J. Wakeman and The Antique Phonograph Society

 

 

Lampograph – Frank H. Feraud, 1911 State Street, Granite City, Illinois. December 1918 TMW

 

La Sallephone – The La Salle Company, Chicago, Illinois EM

 

Leeds U-Phone – U-Phone Company, Ltd., Leeds, England. EM

 

Lemiphone

 

 

Linerphone – Linerphone Talking Machine Company, 1801 Nebraska Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. October 1918 TMW

 

Lorophone – Lorimer-Hicks Manufacturing Company, Republic Building, Chicago, Illinois. February 1917 TMW

 

Luxophone - See Parlophone

 

Lydiaphone - - No additional information

 

Lyric – Lyraphone Company of America, 220 Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York. April 1916 TMW

 

Mag-Ni-Phone – Charles W. Shonk Company, 707 St. Charles Street, Maywood, Illinois. October 1916 TMW

 

Magnola – Magnola Talking Machine Company, 711 Milwaukee Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. May 1916 TMW

 

Manophone – James Manoil Company, Inc., 60 Broadway, NewYork City, New York. July 1916 TMW

1919

 

 

Marconiphone – Marconiphone, Inc., 679 Madison Ave., New York. 1936 Ad

1936

 

 

Masterphone – Masterphone Talking Machine Company, Boston Piano & Music Company, Iowa City, Iowa and Chicago, Illinois. EM

 

Mellowtone – Mellophone Talking Machine Company, 376 Lafayette Street, New York City, New York. August 1916 TMW

 

Melodograph – Melodograph Corporation, 142-146 West 14th Street, New York City, New York. November 1916 Cosmopolitan Magazine

 

Melophone – Melophone Talking Machine Company, 376-378 Lafayette Street, New York City, New York. August 1915 TMW

 

Metrophone – Joseph Hagn & Company , Chicago, Illinois. Advertised in The Billboard, December 8 1917

 

Metrophone – Franz Bruckner Manufacturing Company, 405 Broadway, New York City, New York. October 1916 TMW

 

Mignonphone – L. S. & E. H. Walker, 350 Madison Avenue, New York City, New York. October 1925 TMW

1926 Portable Gramophone with folding cardboard horn, courtesy The Phono and Radio Archives)

 

 

 

 

Musaphonic - General Electric, 1947 print ad

 

 

Nipponophone – Japanese record label founded in 1910 as Nipponophone Co., Ltd.

Nipponophone postcard circa 1930's

 

 

 

Olaphon – Made by Weco

 

 

Parlephone – E. E. Tower, St. Joseph, Missouri. April 1919 TMW

 

 

Parlophone – Luxophone Parlophone 1918 Made in Germany

 

 

 

Pet-O-Fone – Pet-O-Fone Manufacturing Company, 557 Broadway, New York City, New York. May 1925 TMW

 

 

 

 

 

Phona-Disc Record Label - In October 1908 Edison Bell introduced disc records on their Phona-Disc Records label.

Phona-Disc Record courtesy of Michael Thomas

 


Phon d’Amor — Fritzsch Phonograph Company, 228 West 7th Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. November 1917 TMW

 

Phon-O-Bench – Phon-O-Bench Company, 1803 Irving Park Blvd., Chicago, Illinois. December 1920 TMW

 

Phonocone - The New Postwar Phonograph - Montgomery Wards, 1946 catalogue ad with Guy Lombardo testimonial

 

 

 

 

 

Phonodiff - Portable phonograph circa 1928 (courtesy The Phono and Radio Archives)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phono Doodle Howdy Dowdy - Shura-tone

Shure-tone Model 131 78 RPM Howdy Doody Phono Doodle, November 1952, $22.95

 

 

 

Phono-Grand – J. P. Seeburg Piano Company, Republic Building, Chicago, Illinois. November1917 TMW

 

Phonographic Table – Phonographic Table Company, 25 West 32nd Street, New York City, New York. March 1917 TMW

 

Phonola – Caloric Sales Company, 1381 Continental and Commercial Bank Building, Chicago, Illinois. October 1916 TMW

 

Phonola – Waters Conley Company, Inc., 17 E. Chestnut Street, Chicago 11, Illinois. 1960 print ad

1960

 

 

Phonolamp – Electric Phonograph Company, 29 West 34th Street, New York City, New York. June 1916. TMW

 

Phono-Zoo – Vanity Fair,

 

 

Pianophone — EM

 

Pigmyphone — Made by Bing, Germany c. 1925

 

 

Playerphone – Playerphone Talking Machine Company, 802 Republic Building, Chicago, Illinois. March 1916. TMW

 

Polk-Phone – James K. Polk, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia. EM

 

Portofonic, New Fono Drumette, J. Chein & Co., “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.”, circa 1930's, 78rpm record player.

 

 

 

Portophone – The Tri Sales Company, 616 Victoria Building, St. Louis, Missouri. February 1920 TMW

 

Qualitiphone – Qualitiphone Sales Corporation, 17 East 42nd Street New York City, New York. March 1922 TMW

 

Reflexophone – Reflexophone, Inc., 114 Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York. January 1916 TMW

 

Reginaphone – The Regina Company, 47 West 34th Street, New York City, New York. May 1918 TMW

 

Shell-O-Phone – Shell-O-Phone Talking Machine Company, North American Building, Chicago, Illinois. July 1917 TMW

 

Singaphone – Singaphone Talking Machine Company, Inc., 32 Union Square, New York City, New York. February 1917 TMW

 

Singerphone – The Singerphone Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. June 1920 TMW

 

Solophone – The Solophone Company, 306 Sussex Street, Harrison, New Jersey. October 1916 TMW

 

Sonoraphone – Sonoraphone, 78 Reade Street, New York City

 

 

Terephon - No additional information

 

Terpophon - No additional information

 

Ton-O-Graf – Ton-O-Graf Corporation, 112 East South Water Street, Chicago, Illinois. October 1917 TMW

 

Toyphone – Toyphone and Woodware Manufacturers, Inc., 130 West 18th Street, New York City, New York.

 

Travelphone Portable – Specialty Phonograph & Accessories Company, 210-212 East 113rd Streets, New York City, New York.

 

Triumphone – Cameraphone style portable made in Paris, France circa 1924. "Triumphone" Triumph - Phonograph - Paris

 

 

 

Tunophone – Highland Mfg. Co., Fort Thomas, Ky, Tunophone March 1948, Strauss & Richstone Inc, Playthings

 

 

 

Ultraphone Perkins – The Perkins Company, Chicago. EM

 

Valuphone – Wizard Phonograph Company, Inc., 1977 Ogden Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. March 1922 TMW

 

Vanophone – Otto Heineman Phonograph Supply Company, 25 West 45th Street, New York City, New York. May 1916 TMW

 

Violaphone – Violaphone Talking Machine Company, 606 Consumers Building, Chicago, Illinois. October 1917 TMW

 

Webcor Fonograf – Webster-Chicago, Chicago 39, Illinois, 1952 Saturday Evening Post

 

 

 

Zon-o-phone - National Gram-o-phone Corporation, 874 Broadway, New York, Harpers Magazine 1900

 

 

 

Other radio/television music providing '-phone' companies (post 1920)

 

Marconiphone - Radio - Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Co., Strand W.C.2, Birmingham, 1923 The Sphere

1923

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phonographia